Three Types of Memory

This exercise will help you learn some of the important differences among sensory, short-term, and long-term memories. Your goal is to complete the sentences below with the correct term.

  • Sensory Memory
  • Short-term Memory
  • Long-term Memory
1. Episodic memory is a form of .

2. Information is lost from after about 1 second.

3. The capacity of is limited to between 5 and 9 items.

4. is another name for "working memory."

5. Echoic memory is one form of .

6. Information in appears to be encoded based on meaning.

7. We hold information in for about 20 seconds or less.

8. Anterograde amnesia interferes with people's ability to form any kind of new .

9. George Sperling's classic research provided evidence for the existence of .

10. Proactive and retroactive interference are most likely to disrupt .

11. To retain information, such as a phone number, in , we often repeat that information over and over again.

12. The part of memory that is first encountered by stimulation from the outside world is .