Criminal Justice Settings
True or False


1.




1. Offenders against the law who are on probation are guilty of crimes but do not go to prison unless they violate the terms of the probation.



TRUE


Probation is a non-prison sentence.




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2.




2. An offender against the law who is on parole has been granted an early release from prison.



TRUE


Parole is an early release--before the sentence has been completed--for an incarcerated offender.




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3.




3. Crime victims are an increasingly high priority group in social work.



TRUE


Many state and local governments have special programs to compensate crime victims. Social workers are increasingly working with victim programs.




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4.




4. Because juvenile delinquents usually come from families that fail to properly supervise them, a first step in dealing with delinquents is to remove them from their families.



FALSE


In many cases, the initial effort in dealing with juvenile delinquents is to help the family solve the problems that may have led to the delinquency. Removal from the family is viewed as a unfortunate but necessary later step.




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5.




5. Although the crime rate is not growing, the population in prisons is.



TRUE


Crime rates have shown a steady decline since the 1980's. However, there are about one million people in prisons and the percentage of the U.S. population under supervision (prison, probation, parole, etc.) has grown from 1.1 percent in 1980 to 2.7 percent in 1994.




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6.




6. Social work service in corrections systems is typically in prisons with an emphasis on direct assistance to inmates.



FALSE


Although direct services are a major part of social work in the corrections systems, social workers are also often employed in other areas as well, such as probation and parole and policy and administration in central offices.




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7.




7. Because crime is crime, no matter how one looks at it, children and adults are treated the same in the criminal justice system.



FALSE


Social policy views children who are in trouble with the law first as children who need help and only secondarily as offenders. In most circumstances, children are handled in entirely different ways and through different court systems than adults accused of crimes.




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8.




8. Outdoor programs such as wilderness camps are becoming an increasingly popular way to help young people who display behavior problems.



TRUE


Wilderness programs are growing in popularity for children with behavioral difficulties, including children in trouble with the law.




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9.




9. One of the jobs of some psychiatric social workers is helping determine whether or not a person accused of a crime was mentally ill when the crime was committed.



TRUE


Social workers in mental health forensic units assist in determining the mental health of persons who are charged with crimes.




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