Important Traditions and Laws
True or False


1.




1. The focus of the Settlement House movement has traditionally been one helping people help themselves.



TRUE


Settlement houses are organized to help people in disadvantaged communities help themselves overcome those disadvantages. The settlement residents help the people help themselves.




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2.




2. The Charity Organization Societies were the forerunners of today's direct practice social work.



TRUE


The Charity Organization Societies provided the first caseworkers, a form of social work that has evolved into direct practice with those who need help.




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3.




3. The Social Security Act of 1935 was the first comprehensive, national policy for the United States to provide help to its individual citizens.



TRUE


Until 1935, assisting people with their problems was a state or local function except for special groups such as freed slaves and veterans.




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4.




4. There are two major traditions in social work--working with people for self-help and social change and working with people to help them overcome personal or social problems.



TRUE


These two traditions have historically defined social work. Although, most social workers specialize in one of the two traditions, all social workers are educated to know about and identify with both of them.




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5.




5. Mary Richmond was one of the early founders of social work education.



TRUE


Mary Richmond was the founding force behind the New York School of Social Work, which became the Columbia University School of Social Work.




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6.




6. The National Association of Social Workers was founded in 1955 and is a combination of several professional social work organizations, which joined together in one large, umbrella organization.



TRUE


The National Association of Social Workers was founded in 1955 and is a combination of several professional social work organizations, which joined together in one large, umbrella organization.




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7.




7. Social administration is historically one of the oldest and most important forms of social work practice.



TRUE


Some early social workers were called social administrators and some of the original training provided for social workers was organized under the title of Social Administration.




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8.




8. Social work arose, in part, from the desire to make helping those in need a scientific process.



TRUE


Social work was often called scientific charity in its earliest days. It arose from the desire to make the helping of others a scientific process that would not cause those in need to become more dependent.




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9.




9. Advocacy for children's rights and services is a function of several organizations and many social workers.



TRUE


Organizations such as the Children's Defense Fund and the Child Welfare League of America are highly influential and effective organizations pursuing programs to meet children's needs.




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10.




10. Although there are many kinds of social work practice, all of it can readily be classified as 1.) "micro" or direct practice or 2.) "macro" or indirect practice.



TRUE


The two great traditions in social work are work with individuals and smaller systems such as families or couples and work with larger systems, such as communities or organizations. The former is often called "micro" practice and the latter "macro."




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11.




11. American Indians or Native Americans are not special targets of social services programs.



FALSE


Although many services for American Indians or Native Americans are provided directly by the states, there are special programs of social services through the Bureau of Indian Affairs and several tribal governments.




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12.




12. Psychologists and teachers, rather than social workers, provide help to those with developmental disabilities such as mental retardation.



FALSE


Social work is a major profession in the provision of help to people with developmental disabilities--in residential institutions, in the larger community, in sheltered workshops, and in schools.




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13.




13. People who can afford private mental health service usually turn to psychiatrists or psychologists.



FALSE


Many of those who use private mental health counselling go to private practicing social workers for help. Many social workers in private practice work together with psychiatrists and psychologists.




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