Principle #3: The teacher understands how students differ in their approaches to
learning and creates instructional opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners.
The teacher understands and can identify differences in approaches to learning and
performance, including different learning styles, multiple intelligences, and performance
modes, and can design instruction that helps use students' strengths as the basis for
The teacher knows about areas of exceptionality in learning--including learning
disabilities, visual and perceptual difficulties, and special physical or mental
The teacher knows about the process of second language acquisition and about strategies to
support the learning of students whose first language is not English.
The teacher understands how students' learning is influenced by individual experiences,
talents, and prior learning, as well as language, culture, family and community values.
The teacher has a well-grounded framework for understanding cultural and community
diversity and knows how to learn about and incorporate students' experiences, cultures,
and community resources into instruction.
The teacher believes that all children can learn at high levels and persists in helping
all children achieve success.
The teacher appreciates and values human diversity, shows respect for students' varied
talents and perspectives, and is committed to the pursuit of "individually configured
The teacher respects students as individuals with differing personal and family
backgrounds and various skills, talents, and interests.
The teacher is sensitive to community and cultural norms.
The teacher makes students feel valued for their potential as people, and helps them learn
to value each other.
The teacher identifies and designs instruction appropriate to students' stages of
development, learning styles, strengths, and needs.
The teacher uses teaching approaches that are sensitive to the multiple experiences of
learners and that address different learning and performance modes.
The teacher makes appropriate provisions (in terms of time and circumstances for work,
tasks assigned, communication and response modes) for individual students who have
particular learning differences or needs.
The teacher can identify when and how to access appropriate services or resources to meet
exceptional learning needs.
The teacher seeks to understand students' families, cultures, and communities, and uses
this information as a basis for connecting instruction to students' experiences (e.g.
drawing explicit connections between subject matter and community matters, making
assignments that can be related to students' experiences and cultures).
The teacher brings multiple perspectives to the discussion of subject matter, including
attention to students' personal, family, and community experiences and cultural norms.
The teacher creates a learning community in which individual differences are